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PART IV (1899-1910) Thomas E. Jeffrey Theresa M. Collins Lisa Gitelman Gregory Field Gregory Jankunis Aldo E. Salerno David W. Hutchings Karen A. Detig Leslie Fields Lorie Stock Editors Robert Rosenberg

Director and Editor

Sponsors Rutgers, The State University Of New Jersey National Park Service, Edison National Historic Site New Jersey Historical Commission Smithsonian Institution

University Publications of America Bethesda, MD 1999

Edison signature used with permission of McGraw-Edison Company


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Thomas A. Edison Papers at Rutgers, The State University endorsed by National Historical Publications and Records Commission 18 June 1981

Copyright © 1999 by Rutgers, The State University

All rights reserved. No part of this publication including any portion of the guide and index or of the microfilm may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means—graphic, electronic, mechanical, or chemical, including photocopying, recording or taping, or information storage and retrieval systems—without written permission of Rutgers, The State University, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

The original documents in this edition are from the archives at the Edison National Historic Site at West Orange, New Jersey.

ISBN 0-89093-703-6



Robert A. Rosenberg Director and Editor

Thomas E. Jeffrey Associate Director and Coeditor

Paul B. Israel Managing Editor, Book Edition

Helen Endick Assistant Director for Administration

Associate Editors Assistant Editors Theresa M. Collins Louis Carlat Lisa Gitelman Aldo E. Salerno Keith A. Nier Research Associates Secretary Gregory Jankunis Grace Kurkowski Lorie Stock

Student Assistants Amy Cohen Jessica Rosenberg Bethany Jankunis Stacey Saelg Laura Konrad Wojtek Szymkowiak Vishal Nayak Matthew Wosniak


Rutgers, The State University of New National Park Service

Jersey John Maounis Francis L. Lawrence Maryanne Gerbauckas Joseph J. Seneca Roger Durham Richard F. Foley George Tselos David M. Oshinsky Smithsonian Institution New Jersey Historical Commission Bernard Finn Howard L. Green Arthur P. Molella


James Brittain, Georgia Institute of Technology R. Frank Colson, University of Southampton Louis Galambos, Johns Hopkins University Susan Hockey, University of Alberta Thomas Parke Hughes, University of Pennsylvania Peter Robinson, Oxford University Philip Scranton, Georgia Institute of Technology/Hagley Museum and Library Merritt Roe Smith, Massachusetts Institute of Technology



The Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Charles Edison Fund

The Hyde and Watson Foundation National Trust for the Humanities Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation


National Science Foundation

National Endowment for the Humanities

National Historical Publications and Records Commission


Alabama Power Company



Atlantic Electric

Association of Edison Muminating Companies

Battelle Memorial Institute

The Boston Edison Foundation

Cabot Corporation Foundation, Ine.

Carolina Power & Light Company

Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Ine.

Consumers Power Company

Cooper Industries

Corning Incorporated

Duke Power Company

Entergy Corporation (Middle South Electric System)

Exxon Corporation

Florida Power & Light Company

General Electric Foundation

Gould Inc. Foundation

Gulf States Utilities Company

David and Nina Heitz

Hess Foundation, Inc.

Idaho Power Company

IMO Industries

International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers

Mr. and Mrs. Stanley H. Katz

Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.

Midwest Resources, Inc.

Minnesota Power

New Jersey Bell

New York State Electric & Gas Corporation

North American Philips Corporation

Philadelphia Electric Company

Philips Lighting B.V.

Public Service Electric and Gas Company

RCA Corporation

Robert Bosch GmbH

Rochester Gas and Electric Corporation

San Diego Gas and Electric

Savannah Electric and Power Company

Schering-Plough Foundation

Texas Utilities Company

Thomas & Betts Corporation

Thomson Grand Public

Transamerica Delaval Inc.

Westinghouse Foundation

Wisconsin Public Service Corporation

A Note on the Sources

The pages which have been filmed are the best copies available. Every technical effort possible has been ‘made to ensure legibility.


Reel duplication of the whole or of any part of this film is prohibited. In lieu of transcripts, however, enlarged photocopies of selected items contained on these reels may be made in order to facilitate research.


These ten notebooks, which are larger than the standard-size laboratory notebooks, served primarily as clean copy records, into which experimental plans and results were transcribed or in which data was tabulated. Three notebooks were used by Edison during the period 1902-1904 and annotated by him in later years. They contain compilations and transcriptions of notes and drawings on numerous topics, including batteries, electromotographs, phonographs, telephones, and other apparatus. There are also references to experiments concerning chemistry, electricity, magnetism, radiation, and thermodynamics. Six notebooks covering the period 1904-1911 consist of graphs representing the performance of batteries. The graphs were prepared from data collected by Walter E. Holland on experimental cells, Edison "E" and "A" type cells, and the batteries of competitors. Another notebook, used by Edison in 1907, contains tests on the solubility of lithium compounds.

Notebook, E-4296

This notebook covers the period March 1902-February 1903, with a few entries from 1919. itcontains notes and drawings transcribed by Edison from other notebooks, including many entries from N-03-01-22 (see "Notebooks by Edison"). The experiments relate to a variety of matters, including phonograph record composition and molding, electromotographs and amplification, and the chemical properties of compounds. Among the entries are speculative notes on electricity, magnetism, and thermodynamics; a list of 285 experiments or groups of experiments to perform; and a list of compounds that fluoresce in the presence of x-rays. There are references to proposed "xyz" receivers and recorders, “marconi" waves, telephones, organic storage batteries, thermocouples, and other apparatus. There are also references to the work of physicist Adolphe Ganot (E. Atkinson, trans., Elementary Treatise on Physics, Experimental And Applied: Translated and Edited from Ganot's Eléments de Physique) and other scientists. Some of the entries are indicated as "entered from old books.” Beginning on page 61 is a series of "notes from book of March 1902."

Notebook, E-4297

This notebook covers the period February-December 1903, with a few entries from 1912. Itcontains notes and drawings transcribed by Edison from othernotebooks, including many entries from N-03-02-27.1 and entries related to material in N-03-12-29 (see "Notebooks by Edison"). The experiments pertain to a variety of matters, including electricity, electromagnetic radiation, phonographs, photography, and telephones. There are also lists of chemical compounds under headings such as "gelatinous substances," "gummy chemicals," "soapy chemicals," "pitchy masses," and "chemicals which can be drawn into threads"; and a list of slides used to test compounds that fluoresce with radium, with an indication that the radioactive samples were received from William J. Hammer. Other entries deal with amplification, phonograph recording and record molding, x-rays, storage batteries, and experimental apparatus combining cathode and other vacuum tubes with electrical devices.

Notebook, E-4298

This notebook was used by Edison during November 1904. There is one additional entry from 1927. It contains notes and drawings relating to experiments with alkaline storage batteries that may have been transcribed from other notebooks. The entries describe numbered groups of experimental cells to be constructed and indicate the results of tests performed on them. The groups of cells differ in their construction and chemical composition. Included are groups made with molasses, glucose, potassium cyanate, and various preparations of nickel hydroxide. Other groups are distinguished by differing treatments of cups and grids and differing charge or discharge conditions. The entry from 1927 is a brief note about a 1904 entry pertaining to iodides in electrolytes.

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Cell Test Notebooks

These six folio notebooks were used during the period August 1904-September 1911 to graph the performance of various batteries. The first four books relate to Edison's alkaline storage batteries. Included are tests of experimental cells as well as the Ad and A8 production models. The fifth and sixth books contain data on cells manufactured by competitors of the Edison Storage Battery Co., including the Columbia, Eveready, Exide, National, and Philadelphia brands. Most of the graphs indicate that the data was collected or approved by Walter E. Holland. The plots were drawn by Holland, "A. C." (probably Alvin D. Caskey), and others. Each graph provides information on charge and discharge conditions, and most pertain to several cells or several tests. Titles are stamped on the front cover of each book. The four volumes relating to Edison storage batteries have been selected.

Chemistry Notebook

This notebook was used by Edison in May 1907 to test the solubility of several lithium compounds,

Notebook, E-4296

This notebook covers the period March 1902-February 1903, with a few entries from 1919. It contains notes and drawings transcribed by Edison from other notebooks, including many entries from N-03-01-22 (see "Notebooks by

Edison"). The experiments relate to a variety of matters, including phonograph -

record composition and molding, electromotographs and amplification, and the chemical properties of compounds. Among the entries are speculative notes on electricity, magnetism, and thermodynamics; a list of 285 experiments or groups of experiments to perform; and a list of compounds that fluoresce in the presence of x-rays. There are references to proposed "xyz" receivers and recorders, "marconi" waves, telephones, organic storage batteries, thermocouples, and other apparatus. There are also references to the work of physicist Adolphe Ganot (E. Atkinson, trans., Elementary Treatise on Physics, Experimental And Applied: Translated and Edited from Ganot's Eléments de Physique) and other scientists. Some of the entries are indicated as "entered from old books." Beginning on page 61 is a series of "notes from book of March 1902." The book contains 301 numbered pages. Many pages are blank; pages 1-4 have been removed from the book.

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