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MILLIMETERS i

Thomas A. Edison Papers at

Rutgers, The State University endorsed by

National Historical Publications and Records Commission 18 June 1981

Copyright © 1999 by Rutgers, The State University

All rights reserved. No part of this publication including any portion of the guide and index or of the microfilm may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means— graphic, electronic, mechanical, or chemical, includingphotocopying, recordingor taping, or information storage and retrieval systems—' without written permission of Rutgers, The State University, New Brunswick, New Jersey.

The original documents hi this edition are from the archives at the Edison National Historic Site at West Orange, New Jersey.

ISBN 0-89093-703-6

THOMAS A. EDISON PAPERS

Robert A. Rosenberg Director and Editor

Thomas E. Jeffrey Associate Director and Coeditor

Paul B. Israel

Managing Editor, Book Edition Helen Endick

Assistant Director for Administration

Associate Editors Theresa M. Collins Lisa Gitelman Keith A. Nier

Research Associates

Gregory Jankunis Lorie Stock

Assistant Editors Louis Carlat Aldo E. Salerno

Secretary Grace Kurkowski

Student Assistants

Amy Cohen Bethany Jankunis Laura Konrad Vishal Nayak

Jessica Rosenberg Stacey Saelg Wojtek Szymkowiak Matthew Wosniak

BOARD OF SPONSORS

Rutgers, The State University of New National Park Service

Jersey John Maounis

Francis L. Lawrence Maryanne Gerbauckas

Joseph J. Seneca Roger Durham

Richard F. Foley George Tselos

David M. Osliinsky Smithsonian Institution

New Jersey Historical Commission Bernard Finn

Howard L. Green Arthur P. Molella

EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD

James Brittain, Georgia Institute of Technology R. Frank Colson, University of Southampton Louis Galambos, Johns Hopkins University Susan Hockey, University of Alberta Thomas Parke Hughes, University of Pennsylvania Peter Robinson, Oxford University

Philip Scranton, Georgia Institute of Technology/Hagiey Museum and Library Merritt Roe Smith, Massachusetts Institute of Teclmoiogy

FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTORS

PRIVATE FOUNDATIONS Tlie Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Charles Edison Fund The Hyde and Watson Foundation National Trust for the Humanities Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation

PUBLIC FOUNDATIONS National Science Foundation National Endowment for the Humanities

National Historical Publications and Records Commission

PRIVATE CORPORATIONS AND INDIVIDUALS

Alabama Power Company

Anonymous

AT&T

Atlantic Electric

Association of Edison Illuminating Companies

Battelle Memorial Institute The Boston Edison Foundation Cabot Corporation Foundation, Inc. Carolina Power & Light Company Consolidated Edison Company of New York, Inc.

Consumers Power Company Cooper Industries Corning Incorporated Duke Power Company Entergy Corporation (Middle South Electric System)

Exxon Corporation

Florida Power & Light Company

General Electric Foundation

Gould Inc. Foundation

Gulf States Utilities Company

David and Nina Heitz

Hess Foundation, Inc.

Idaho Power Company

IMO Industries

International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers

Mr. and Mrs. Stanley H. Katz Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd. Midwest Resources, Inc.

Minnesota Power New Jersey Bel)

New York State Electric & Gas Corporation

North American Philips Corporation Philadelphia Electric Company Philips Lighting B.V.

Public Service Electric and Gas Company

RCA Corporation

Robert Bosch GmbH

Rochester Gas and Electric Corporation

San Diego Gas and Electric

Savannah Electric and Power Company

Schering-Plough Foundation

Texas Utilities Company

Tbonms & Betts Corporation

Thomson Grand Public

Transamerica Delava! Inc.

Westinghouse Foundation Wisconsin Public Service Corporation

A Note on the Sources

The pages which have been filmed are the best copies available. Every technical effort possible has been made to ensure legibility.

PUBLICATION AND MICROFILM COPYING RESTRICTIONS

Reel duplication of the whole or of any part of this film is prohibited In lieu of transcripts, however, enlarged photocopies of selected items contained on these reels may be made in order to facilitate research.

1908. Edison, T.A. - General (D-08-08)

This folder contains correspondence and other documents relating to a variety of subjects. Included are documents that deal with more than one subject or that do not fall under the main subject categories in the Document File. Among the items for 1908 are letters and memoranda pertaining to Edison's health, his opinion on musical copyrights, and his friendship with Andrew Carnegie. Also included are letters from longtime Edison associates Charles Batchelor, William E. Gilmore, Charles T. Hughes, Samuel Insull, Francis Jehl, Edward H. Johnson, Thomas C. Martin, and Francis R. Upton.

All of the documents have been selected.

G. SCHIRMER (INC.) MUSIC PUBLISHERS. NEW YORK

15 UNION SQ.UARB Jell. iTTT308.

Orange, H. J. ~

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In caronon with ee.rtavn^o^Vi er gentllemerf who have

ew Copyright Bill to I

States Congress, we are interested in the subject so far as it affects the we lfare of composers and authors. Our interest lies in the fact that so far as modern music is concerned we are dependent upon composers, and to a large extent publishers may be said to represent them, as agents.

Composers of music, as you doubtless know, ub a class are not over-blessed with this world's goods; and it has come to be believed by a large part of the public, that the rights of composers are invaded by manufacturers of talking machines and of self-playing pianos, where such manufacturers copy the works of composers and sell large quantities of the same, without the composer's consent and without compensation to him.

There has been considerable discussion, pro and con, on this subject, and we write to you direct as one. whose experience as the greatest inventor the world has ever seen:

would enable him to give us i

i intelligent opinion .

r

TAB— 2.

You have placed mankind under everlasting gratitude to you by your inventions, and we learn from a most inter¬ esting work recently published, that in all inventions you have availed yourself (very properly) of a patent, these patents running into the hundreds, the same serving for your protection and the protection of your associates. V,'e also learn that the various enterprises with which you are con¬ nected do not fail to protect themselves, by legal measures when necessary, where your exclusive rights are invaded.

Your opinion therefore on this question involving a similar right for protection and compensation on the part of the composer would be especially valuable and interesting at this time.

To those who believe in protection for the composer it would appear that his compositions, the fruit of his brain, are a vital part of the music sought to be produced on the talking machine, and that without the music first having been composed the machine would be useless as a music machine.

/our well known justice in all matters pertaining to those who produce anything leads us to look forward to your reply with much pleasure and interest.

Yours truly,

0. SCHIjfcvtER.

Mobile Commercial Club

JOHN CRAFT . .President

J. D. BLOCH . First Vice-President

H. H. WEFEL, Jr. . Second Vice-President

HARRY T. HARTWELL . Treasurer

BENJ. B. COX . Secretary

Mobile, Alii., Fob 18/Ofi.

Ur Thomas A. Edison,

Orange, N. J.

My dear Mr Edison: -

Tho Commercial Club would appreciate a crayon photo-

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graph of your-self as we would like to adorn our club walls with it. We appreciate your distinguish service to your countrymen in your indomitable energy in giving the people so many great conforts and benefits through your skill and genius.

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Mr. Dyke:-

Here: are two notes of I Jr. Edison on the subject of Copyright, which kindly bear in mind. How iB the brief coming on?

Feb. 36, 1908.

F.L.D.

[ENCLOSURE]

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ORANGE, N. J.

EDISON PHDNDBRAPHS & RECORDS.

EW YoBK^REOe7ved>

-S&rchfl8, 1908.

Fort Myers, Florida.

I enclose herewith letter from Walter Stevens, dated March 9th, together with a copy of letter from our Australian man, Wyper, dated Jan. 16th, and -list of the jobbers that he has down there with the , amount of business they have done and some general information that I know will be interesting to you. When you are through with it, please return it to me, with any sugges¬ tions or comments you may have -to mke, in the .stamped envelope enclosed herewith.

X also enclose letter from -the Foreign Department dated March 17th, enclosing copies of comnuni cations from Mr. Wyper on the subject matter .e0a<L inqul_

ries sometime since. I am -also sendin&you under separate cover the printed report referred to by Mr. Wyper in hlB letter. t presume that you want to, study this -situation whilst South and that is the reason I send jit -along to _ypu.

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[ENCLOSURE]

Cbc Origin of the Qcker,

HOW THOMAS A. EDISON MADE AN IMPORTANT INSTRUMENT A SUCCESS.

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THE BRITISH WESTINGHOUSE »."• ELECTRIC & MANUFACTURING CO., LIMITED.

°J0,! 25th April 1908

E H. Johnson, Esq.,

Union League CluB, Hew york City, U.s A.

My dear Johnson,

As I toij.d you la3b time I saw you in bhe Savoy I am going bo gat over to Mew York Between now and 1st August. X will drop you a letter the week Before sailing that you may send word to our Hew York Office if you are leaving town, as I want to Be sure and see you while in the United States.

T.J.Eleming, who, as you know, is our manager for the Argentine, is at present in London and ha3 advised me of the opportunities he Believes there are for the sale of the new Edison Battery in his territory (Argentine, Paraguay and Uru¬ guay) naming has Built up a most magnificent organisation in that territory in connection with Agar Cross & Co . , who are practically financing the South American-British Westinghouse Co. in that country.

Fleming and I now wish to get hold of the Edison Battery if we possibly can, and I consider you the Best means of start¬ ing the Ball rolling provided you feel, warranted in so doing. What X am after is, if possible, to induce Mr. Edison to place the Agency for that particular territory in the hands of the

E. H. Johnson, Esq..,

British Co's Export Department. The Business would then he actively handled hy Fleming and his staff out there. There is one thing certain, if there is any chance to sell the Edi¬ son Battery in the territory we will Be able to make the sale.

matter

I would Be glad to learn your opinion in the/ and whether you think Mr. Edison would seriously consider the proposition at all.

Fleming will go. to Hew York with me and I am sure will Be aBle to convince Mr. Edison that Business could Be done if he has made ho other arrangements .

With all kinds of regards to yourself and Mr 3 . Johnson, and hoping that your efforts over there are going to Be crowned with every success , I am

Yours truly ,

/fatr-aAr- SyC^--

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Newburgh Realty Company

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Jb* lODft NEWBURGH, N. Y., h, 29/ 0$.

Fire and Accident Insurance

Greater New York and Long Island Real Estate a Specialty

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won Thos A. Edison, ^ '

East Orange, N.J.

Dear Hr Edison.

You do not remember me ol' course, but in 1376-7 I knew you in Now York City. At that time Mr Me Lauhlin -a friend of mine-was in your employ. Lot me ask you where ho is, if alivo-if dead 1 know where he do-... Hr Chas Hughes an old friend of mine since 136$, was in your employ and trust he io yot. 1 think this will establish'' my identity. I have watohed your devel¬ opments since the. above date with a great deal of interest I assure you.

Your, last attempt in reducing the cost of and producing bettor buildings has hypnotized me and when you have reached .the Ultama Thule ,on that line I should bo pleased to see and familiarize myself with the .modus operand!.

*our name must go down through ages with that of Galileo, Columbus, Newton and Karl Marx, men who have let in the Sun. light of truth and lifted the toilng millions to a higher enjoyment t>f th^, bounties of Nature and, "If there is an other world you'll, live in. bliss,.. If not, you have made the best of this." F

What a reoord? ....... ' ' /

Pardon mo for tresspassing -upon your* time, but I've been as brief as possible. "" -

.. t Ginoerely yours,

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The Aeolian Company

AEOLIAN HALL

Ne.w York

April 30, 1908.

Private Secretary to # ^

Thomas A. Edison, Esq. ,

Llewellyn Park, Orange,

Madame Paderewski, wife of the celebrated pianist is very desirous of having Mr. Edison contribute to her Autograph book and has requested me to write and ask you if she may send this book to you for Mr. Edison's signature. Thanking you in advanoe for your prompt reply, I remain.

Very truly yours.

E. 44.

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AEOLIAN HALL

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Ur. H. P. Hiller,

o/o Thomas A. Edison,

Your kind favor of the 5th inst. has been received, and X rogret to inform you that it arrived too late for me to send you Madame Paderewski a autograph hook, as she sailed from this country lost Tuesday. She was very much disappointed not to have heard from you before leaving, as she is more than desirous in having Mr. Edison's name incorporated in her book. Sho, thorofore, requested me to ask you if it would bo too much trouble for Mr. Edison to write hi3 autograph on a sheet of note paper, which she could easily paste in her book, as she does not, under any

i opportunity of obtaining t

Thanking you for your assis

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Commonwealth Edison Company.

Chicago, May 3, 1903*

Thorns A. Edison, Esq.

Caro Edison's laboratory-,

Orange, H.J.

By Bear Edison:

I an sending you by registered mail today a copy of the Tests on the Turbines of our main turbine station, which was made under the supervision of Professor Breckenridge of the University of Illinois and the late Professor Storm Bull of the University of Wisconsin. I want to especially draw your attention to the test on turbines H03. 1, 4. and 8. This test really represents the development of the large size turbines. There is no need for me to enlarge upon the remarkable improvement in efficiency, as the curve sheet in question explains itself. It Is the last curve sheet in the book.

Some time when I am East and have an opportunity I want to go out to your laboratories and show you some of my cost figures. I think they will very much interest you. The Commonwealth Edison Company sold 249,000,000 K.W.H. for the year ending March 31st, 1908.

I was very glad to hear of your return home very much improved in health from your trip to Elorida. ,

Yours very sincerely

"Vv. Ai vL Q'Q^'Sh/}' /KHaT Y-.

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ELECTRICAL WORLD

239 WEST 39th 8TREET, NEW YORK

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Orange, N. J. Dear Mr. Edioons

I am very sorry indeed that I am not able to aooom- pany you on the trip today to the new oemont works, but I have boon attend¬ ing tho President's conference on Natural Resources all the week in Wash¬ ington, and am loaving tomorrow morning (Sunday) for tho Eleotrio Light Convention in- Chicago. This makes a tremendous pressure of work. I appreciate your invitation and also your kind personal message through Mallory,

Tho Conference in Washington tho past week was a great affair ,

I was very glad to hoar your name applauded while it wont on. I am sending you a copy of Mr. Carnegie’s address in whioh he spoke of you at tho opening of the conference.

Trusting that you will ateadily improve in health, believe mo Yours truly.

Editor,

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[ENCLOSURE]

A LFRED O. TATE

CONTINENTAL ClFE BUILDING TORONTO, CANADA.

EDWARD H. JOHNSON ESQ. ,

Union League Club, New York,

May I 6th, 1908.

N.Y.

Dear Mr. Johnson;'’

I. received this morning with a great deal of pleasure your letter of yesterday making inquiry with regard to my storage battery. The results that 1 have thus far ach¬ ieved are very encouraging, but I do not feel that I have itf developed all the possibilities of the battery to a point which would justify me in announcing it as a finished commercial art¬ icle at the present time.

A number of individual units have been most exhaustively tested and I find that 1 can bring the weitfit efficiency to about 50 lbs. or less, per horsepower hour, and reduce the chargeing rate to one hour instead of six, which is the standard in pre¬ sent practice. X am constructing a battery now to operate a truck that will carry a freight load of about a ton and a half on a route covering 50 miles per day. After this battery has been installed and operated I shall have sufficient data of a pract¬ ical nature to enable me to project my views concerning its util¬ ity, but until I am in possession of this information I should

not care to enter into any definite arrangement concerning the future.

I shall be in New Yorkssome time next week when I may, per¬ haps, have the pleasure of meeting y°u</)yi£>ji kind j

, Yours very truly.

AJ Ut,

rmr

EDISON HOUSE.

To Private Secretary, T. A. Edison Esq., Orange .

Hew Jersey.

Dear Sir, Colonel Gouraud. desires me to sCy that he has reei- vea no reply to either a cable he sent several months ago. or a 'letter sent several weeks ago to Mrs Edison, asking if the reports were true, widely published in European Press, 1st that Mr Edison was dangerously and permanently incapacitated, 2nd that he was hopelessly blind.

It seems inconceivable that both of these enquiries from so old a friend and colleague should have been received and hot answered and Col Gouraud feels deeply hurt.

Perhaps you will do him the honour to answer these questions, as apart from Col Gouraud1 s personal concern as to the truth of falsity of the repofts it is tantamount to a personal reproach to himself in the eyes’ of constant enquiries received by him as the most likely person in England to know the truth, to be obliged to sa y that he has no knowledge whatever concerning these repofts,

Edison's Moulded Concrete Buildings;- Col Gouraud is also con¬ stantly asked about this invention, and as to whether the press reports are true that he will supply these moulds and building plans free td anyone wishing to build Workman's Cottages on their own estates, Gol Gouraud has a large estate in this county which contains abundant Sand, Gravel & Water situated where he would like to build his final monument- and most appro¬ priate one, following upon the three other monuments now imper¬ ial industires of first magnitude, all of whose bornersttnes he laid upon imperishable foundations, first in England and later in many Countries, European and Oriental - All prosperous financially and revolutionary in their benefioient influences upon contemporary civilization universal and which individually and collectively to countless millions of posterity so long as the sun shines and human life' exists in this sublunary sphere!

GOD SAVE THE KIHG.

LOHG LIVE THE WIZARD OE MENLO PARK AND HIS PROGEHITAL WIZARD LETS ' AD INEINITEM,

Respectfully

Howard Harcourt.

Private Secretary to Col. Gouraud. C.M.H. (Marquis le Brun, et de la Proustiere, de la Prance )

E.C. M I LL E R & CO.

Beforrlng to our oonvoraatlon of yeaterdayj will you kindly lot mo kno at what price you odn Udo $16,000 sldo. Stbrage Battory tonda, If I am abld to make etmie Swap as you fluggeatod. You also spoke of Doing dblo to go hn addit¬ ional $10,000. If thle la oonronlont, wlli you kindly lot mo know on wjmt baalo. Mr. Mallory reported, I understood,, that there la due Ue about $16,000 fox uqpald coupons. Mould you Oaro to purohMS theseT

Hoping to hard the pleaetlre of hearing turn you on Monday, I am

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A ! SctGGCS

June 10, 1908.

My dear Mr, Edison,

: , j have a let4r from my . friend A.E.deHooh, of BuenoB

AirVaV" Argentine ~ whoaVi"Wok^MtTtiryow''iiiSwrifft'ivr

once during 1904, in which he says: ********

"If you see Mr. Edison, tell him he is getting quite famous aa an inventor of electric shoes, eleotriB rings to pre¬ vent headaohes and some electric porous plasters made hy Bauer &

Blaok of Chicago, I believe." _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

h i.i v f'i If .you wish, this matter followed , I am Bure,;Mr,deH6oh;:; will he very glad to get any information you desire. His address ■is-,- A,E,deHoch,— -Bme..Mitr.a.-.5X9.,....3uenos -Aires Argent in«..Bep»blifl......

I am glad to hear of your return to health, and hope the trouble will not return. You haven't time to get Bick.

I am living in summit and will run over ‘oh ^’my'Wdst'ingKouBe

>r-;!OY' W3M ,2UM3VA VlGSpAM !’ /

sometime soon and show you a sure enough good oar.

Yours sincerely,

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EDISON

MONTHLY

Mr* Thomas A. Edison,

Orange, N. J.

Dear Mr* Edison:

You would think that we have all the pictures of you Uat"~we deserve but we are not quite satisfied for we have seen a picture of yourself and family and with you in an automobile and we would like to make pictures on this order but we want very much better

ones than those that we say and if. you will fix a time that meets ... . our artist will go

with your convenience and pleasureAover ,on very short notice, to;

make these pictures of you.

-JLQ,

t

Thanking you in advance, and trusting it will be agreeable, we are,

ALP/VR

Jr<

ALEX. I

. GOBDON

LUMBER MERCHANT SUDBURY. ONT.

^ ,

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July 20th . 1908.

Thomas Eb i 3on, Esa.,

ORANGE - K.'J.

Dear sir:-

J-CAeA-p^— r - ;

A FEW YEAR3 AGO WHILE R I 0 I NG ON« A\TRA I N M I TH *qu BETWEEN HERS ... 0.v . ^

: AND WORTH B.Y | WAB^BEEAMIIA Jo 1 ' * A SHORT WHILE AGO I PURCHASED AN ELECTRIC .&J? . , ^

AS MADi IN I NDIANAii;l,b. I FOUNol AFTER GETTIfld THE ^ CAR HERE THAT THE ELECTR,C CURRENT 1 3 ALTERNAT , NG AND THAT WILL HAVE TO GO TO A FURTHER EXPENSE OF SOME $300.00 TO INSTAL A MERCURY ARC RECTIFIER BUT BEFORE 001 NQ TH I 0. IT OCCURRED TO HE THAT YOU MIGHT BE ABLE TO G I VO ME SOME I NFORMAT > ON WHEREBY I WOULD NOT HAVE TO BE PUT TO 30 MUCH EXPENSE.

Any information that you may give me in connec¬ tion W!Tll THIS MATTER I BHALL9E GLAD To RECIPROCATE AT ANY TIME.

Yours truly.

My dear Mr. Edison:-

I want to realize in a very small way, if I can, your concrete house idea for my place at Allaire, Sew Jersey. I have six thousand acres cf land there. Two thousand acres of it I shall try and put into small chicken farms, ten acres each, with small cement houses. I want to build as many workmen's houses as possible on the rest of the land. My scheme is not money-making and it is not philanthropy.. I'll be glad if I maVn a little money, I'll be quite content if I don't lose much.

I have written your people for quotations on cement, which I shall need, I hope, in considerable quantities., and I think they have given me their best regular quotations, good deal for a small

l to get in a modern market.

I know that you havejexperimented a great ddal personally with cement, and I wonder if by any chance your people would have anything in

the way of a cement mixer with engine and a stone- crusherthey are not

-"V,

now using, and that they would be willing perhaps to rent to me for a few months' experiment. If your people could do this without trouble and on a business basis, I i&ould be very glad. I am not going to try the cast¬

ing cf the house s in c

i pieoe although I know it ought to be done in

that way, in accordance with your invention for I haven't got the money for the initial outlay. But I am going to try to make wooden casts to build the workmen's house's at a minimum of expense. My idea is to let